Can Dogs Eat Brussels Sprouts? (Benefits and Dangers)

Can dogs eat Brussels Sprouts

Brussel sprouts are a great addition to a healthy diet; they are packed with essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. They come with plenty of benefits, but are they safe for our canine friends?

Can dogs eat Brussels sprouts? Dogs can eat Brussels sprouts and get the benefits these veggies have. They are a great addition to your dog’s diet, supplementing vitamins, fiber, and mineral intake.  

If you are wondering whether to add Brussels sprouts to your dog’s treats list, this article delves deep into their benefits and potential dangers. It also addresses how to prepare them for your dog and other questions you may have. 

What are Brussels Sprouts?

Brussels sprouts are classified as cruciferous plants of the brassica genus of plants.  They are a member of the cabbage family, which is evident from their shape and form. But they are also part of the mustard family composed of broccoli, kale, radishes, arugula, etc. 

Brussels sprouts come in tiny, cabbage-like vegetables.  They are low in calories, with about 28 calories and 2 grams of fiber in half a cup serving.  This makes them a great low-calorie treat for dogs, especially those prone to diabetes.

What are The Benefits of Brussels Sprouts for Your Dog?

Brussels sprouts come with amazing benefits in addition to being a low-calorie food option for humans and dogs alike.

Dietary Fiber

Fiber is an essential component of your dog’s food as it helps keep the digestive system functional and healthy. Brussels sprouts are packed with dietary fiber, about 2 grams for a half-cup serving, making a significant difference in your dog’s diet. 

Brussels sprouts provide insoluble fiber, which helps with healthy bowel movements.  Insoluble fiber does not dissolve in water, so it remains intact throughout the digestion process. This means it binds food and waste, carrying it along the digestive tract. 

This helps to reduce incidences of stomach issues, constipation, and diarrhea. Therefore, if your dog is prone to these issues, adding Brussels sprouts to its diet can supplement fiber intake and reduce these issues. 


Brussels sprouts are packed with antioxidants, essential to keeping inflammation at bay.  Antioxidants should be a part of your dog’s diet to help blood circulation and fight free radicals that damage the oxidative cells. 

Antioxidants also carry essential age-related benefits to your senior dog. They have cognitive benefits, too; therefore, they are an all-around component for your dog. Adding Brussels sprouts to your dog’s food can contribute to the number of antioxidants your dog needs. 

Vitamin B1 and B6

These essential vitamins help to boost your dog’s metabolism. This is particularly important to help your dog process energy from the food it eats. These vitamins play a huge role in cell regeneration, creating new cells. They also support the dog’s nervous system. 

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that contains prothrombin. This is a protein that is essential for blood clotting and bone metabolism. Vitamin K is also helpful in regulating blood calcium levels, which can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease.

Vitamin C

Brussels sprouts have a significant amount of Vitamin C, essential for your dog’s immune system. It is a crucial component of vitamins that help fight diseases and keep your dog healthy. Additionally, it contributes to your dog’s cardiovascular health. 


Kaempferol is a compound found in Brussels sprouts and other cruciferous vegetables. It is an anti-inflammatory compound that helps to reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cancer. It also helps to reverse degenerative processes in parts of your dog’s body.

Vitamin A 

Brussels sprouts have a considerable amount of Vitamin A, essential for your dog’s vision and reproductive health.    

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is essential for your dog’s overall health, particularly muscle strength. A deficiency in Vitamin E can result in loss of body movement and muscle weakness which is common with senior dogs. 

Vitamin E is also helpful for maintaining healthy skin and coat. You can supplement it in your dog’s diet by adding Brussel sprouts to meals. 

Lower Blood Sugar Levels

Brussels sprouts are low in calories and an excellent treat for dogs prone to diabetes. Regular intake of Brussels sprouts and a healthy diet can help lower blood sugar levels. They can be a great addition to improving your dog’s health without worrying about cutting carbs.  

What are The Dangers of Brussels Sprouts for Your Dog?

Brussel sprouts, part of the cruciferous family of vegetables, contain isothiocyanates. These phytonutrients help the intestinal muscles push food and waste through the digestive tract.  This is important; however, they build excess bacteria from the fermentation process of digestion. 

These bacteria result in the accumulation of gas in the digestive tract as a way for the body to release the excess bacteria. If your furry friend eats too many Brussels sprouts, they will accumulate a lot of gas in the system, causing frequent farts to release it. 

Another downside to Brussels sprouts is that the stalks are fibrous and tough.  This is not much of a worry, but your dog may have difficulty chewing on the stalks, increasing the risk of choking. But, if you peel the outer skin of the stalk, your dog will chew seamlessly.  

It is important to note that raw Brussel sprouts are hard to digest for dogs. The dog’s digestive system will have challenges processing the fiber if you feed them raw Brussel sprouts. This can bring about stomach upsets, bloating, or diarrhea. 

The dangers of Brussels sprouts to your dog are not pronounced, but they are worth noting. With precautions in place, you can feed your dog Brussel sprouts, which come with several benefits for your dog’s overall health. 

How to Prepare Brussel Sprouts for Your Dog?

Before you feed your dog Brussels sprouts, check with your vet. You want to be sure your dog can easily digest cruciferous vegetables.  This will also allow your vet to go through your dog’s health history and pick on any concerns that Brussel sprouts may bring if you feed your dog. 

Choose the best Brussels sprouts once you have a go-ahead from your vet.  Pick organic green Brussels sprouts in their freshest and healthiest state.  Avoid any yellowing or wilting Brussel spouts as they could already be decomposing. 

Before preparing Brussels sprouts, wash them thoroughly under running water to remove any chemicals and pesticides. These could easily upset your dog’s system and cause unforeseen stomach issues. 

Cooking Brussels Sprouts for Your Dog

Cut off the stem and rinse to ensure they are clean. Next, steam, boil or microwave them to soften them. That way, your dog can chew easily and digest them seamlessly. 

Steaming is the best method of cooking Brussels sprouts for your dog. It preserves antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals in Brussels sprouts providing additional nutritional value to your dog. 

Boiling them is not recommended as it kills most of the Vitamins and leeches the beneficial compounds out into the water. This will leave the Brussels sprouts with little or no nutritional value. 

Avoid frozen Brussels sprouts as they may cause a choking hazard. Remember, dogs tend to gulp their food; therefore, softened, cooked Brussel sprouts are the best. 

You may be tempted to add seasoning to your dog’s Brussels sprouts, but it is not advisable.  Seasoning and oils may increase the chances of your dog developing an upset or diarrhea.  Oils, butter, salt, garlic, and other seasoning are good for us but toxic to your dog.  

Frequently Asked Questions

Can Dogs Eat Brussels Sprouts Stalks and Leaves?

Dogs can eat Brussels sprouts, stalks, and leaves as long as they are cooked. Raw stalks can be too hard for your dog to chew and digest. Skinning the stalks and cooking the Brussels sprouts makes them more favorable for your dog to chew and swallow. 

How Many Brussels Sprouts Can A Dog Eat?

The amount of Brussels sprouts your dog can eat will depend on the size and age of your dog.  Small dogs can eat one sprout without any issues, and larger dogs can eat up to 5 Brussels sprouts and digest them quickly. 

There is no standard amount of how much your dog can eat. Therefore, check with your vet for the correct amount your dog can take. They may advise starting with a small piece and increasing as the dog gets used to digesting them. 

Can Dogs Eat Brussels Sprouts Every Day?

Dogs can eat Brussels Sprouts every day, but you ought to be careful with the portions you give.  If you intend to feed your dog Brussel sprouts daily, limit that to one a day. That way, they can digest them easily and minimize the risk of developing digestive issues with an overload. 

You can add a few Brussels sprout leaves to your dog’s food every day or give one sprout as a treat between meals. Make sure these are cooked to make it easy for your dog to chew and digest. 

Can I Give My Dog Raw Brussels Sprouts?

It is not advisable to feed them raw Brussels Sprouts. Sprouts are tough to digest when fed raw. As they are small and round, they could also cause dogs to choke, especially if they attempt to swallow them whole.

What Are The Alternatives to Giving Your Dog Brussel Sprouts?

Brussels sprouts are not the only healthy vegetable you can give your dog. You can opt for carrots, peas, green beans, bananas, and sweet potatoes. These are packed with essential vitamins and minerals that will add to the nutritional value of your dog’s regular food. 

Can Puppies Eat Brussels Sprouts?

Feeding puppies Brussels sprouts is not recommended. Puppies’ digestive systems are not developed enough to digest cruciferous vegetables such as Brussels sprouts. Additionally, one Brussels sprout is recommended for adult dogs owing to the effects it may bring. 

This means the effects on a puppy may be much stronger even if it took half or a Brussels sprout. Again, since the effects are hard to measure, it is safe to avoid feeding your puppy Brussel sprouts. 

Final Thoughts

Brussels sprouts can be a great addition to your dog’s diet as long as you prepare them properly and give the right portion. They come with many health benefits for your dog, including carrying antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals and being a low-calorie treat.

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Maureen G.

Maureen has been a Content Writer in the pet niche for over 5 years. She has vast knowledge on dog-related topics including dog breeds, dog health, dog care, and nutrition. With keen interest on the evolving world of dogs, Maureen stays on top of developments, specifically designer dogs. She is a part-time volunteer in dog shelters and rescue centers, therefore conversant with the day-to-day lives of dogs.

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